Butylamine is an amine type of organic compound typically found in the form of a clear, colorless liquid with an aroma similar to ammonia. It is one of the four isomeric amines of butane. The others include sec-butylamine, isobutylamine, and tert-butylamine. The molecular weight of butylamine is 73.14 g/mol. It has a hydrogen bond donor count of one, a hydrogen bond acceptor count of one, and a rotatable bond count of one. It has an exact and monoisotopic mass of 73.09 g/mol. The heavy atom count of butylamine is nine. It also has a complexity of 13.1 and is a canonicalized compound. Butylamine has a boiling point of 172.4 °F (78°C) and a melting point of -58°F (-50°C). It also has a flashpoint of 10°F (-12.22°C) and is soluble in water at 1000 mg/mL at 20°C. The compound can be found in adhesives, building materials, and colorants. Butylamine is used as an intermediate when producing plasticizers, emulsifying agents, pharmaceuticals, agrochemicals, insecticides, synthetic tanning agents, and UV absorbers.
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