The trade name for 2-Butoxyethanol, Dowanol ® is a member of the family of glycol ethers and is a butyl ether of ethylene glycol. Since it is a relatively nonvolatile and inexpensive solvent with low toxicity, it is found in many domestic and industrial products as a surfactant. Originally put into use in the 1930s, Dowanol ® is used to dissolve both water-soluble and hydrophobic substances. Products such as acrylic resin formulations, fire fighting foam, oil spill dispersants, leather protectors, photo strip solutions, asphalt release agents, degreaser applications, liquid soaps, cosmetics, latex paints, enamels, varnish removers, and silicone caulk all include Dowanol ® as an ingredient. While it has a low acute toxicity, some studies show that Dowanol ® can cause adrenal tumors in animals when exposed to high concentrations of the compound. However, OSHA does not regulate Dowanol ® as carcinogenic, and it has not been shown to be a water table pollutant.
Personal Care and Cosmetics
Oil & Gas